Fantasmagorie: First Fully Animated Film

August 17, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives

August 16, 1908

One of the 700 Frames from Fantasmagorie, the first fully animated film. Courtesy of

Fantasmagorie, a French animated film by Émile Cohl, consists of a stick figure moving about and encountering all manner of morphing objects. This makes Fantasmagorie the first animation on film created using what came to be known as traditional (hand-drawn) animation.

The film was created by drawing each frame on paper and then shooting each frame onto negative film, which gave the picture a blackboard look. It was made up of 700 drawings, each of which was double-exposed (animated “on twos”), leading to a running time of almost two minutes.

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