United States vs. Microsoft

October 20, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

October 20, 1997 US accuses Microsoft of violating pact forcing IE browser on computers. US vs Microsoft was a set of civil actions filed against Microsoft Corporation pursuant to the Sherman Act 1890 Section 1 and 2. The plaintiffs alleged that Microsoft abused monopoly power on Intel-based personal computers in its handling of operating system..

Share
read more →

Patent for First Movie a Hit

October 17, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

October 17, 1888 Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph, the first movie, with images only 1/32 inches wide. Edison’s claim is that it will ‘do for the eye what the phonograph does for the ear.’ We should all go out this evening for dinner and a movie to commemorate!

Share
read more →

Roll Film Brings Photography to Mainstream

October 14, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives October 14, 1884 George Eastman receives a patent for the first roll film, helping to bring photography to the mainstream and was the basis for the invention of motion picture film in 1888. Roll film is spool-wound photographic film protected from white light exposure by a paper backing, as opposed..

Share
read more →

Artificial Respiration Becomes Reality and a Life Saver

October 12, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives October 12, 1928 The iron lung artificial respirator is successfully used on a young polio sufferer at Children’s Hospital, Boston. The iron lung, originally invented by Philip Drinker, an industrial hygienist, encases a person’s entire body, except for the head, and uses regulated air pressure to help a patient breathe..

Share
read more →

The First ‘Killer App’ for PCs Is Released

October 11, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives October 11, 1979 Visicalc is released by Dan Bricklin. The spreadsheet application is called the first killer app for personal computers because it turned the PC from a hobby into a business tool. Conceived by Dan Bricklin, refined by Bob Frankston, developed by their company Software Arts, and distributed by..

Share
read more →

Pac-Man Munches Its Way Into Tech History

October 10, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives October 10, 1979 Pac-Man makes its debut in Japan. Pac-Man wasn’t the first videogame – arcade games, including video versions, had existed for years – but it is considered one of the classics and an icon of 1980s popular culture. Upon its release, Pac-Man and eventually its spin-offs, became a..

Share
read more →

The Story Behind CC and BCC

October 7, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives October 7, 1806 English inventor, Ralph Wedgewood, received a patent for the Stylographic Writer, a tool to help the blind write without using ink. An ink-soaked piece of paper was placed between two blank sheets, and a frame of horizontal wires acted as a guide for the blind writer’s stylus…

Share
read more →

X-15 Rocket Plane Sets World Speed Record

October 3, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

  Technology that Shapes Our Lives October 3, 1967 On October 3, 1967, U.S. Air Force pilot Pete Knight flew the S-15 Rocket Plane to a world speed record for a winged aircraft of Mach 6.7, which is 4,520 mph.  This was the fastest recorded flight of the X-15 Rocket Plane and is over 1.3..

Share
read more →

Ether as Anesthesia: Thank You, William Morton

September 30, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives September 30, 1846 Dentist, William Morton, was the first to publicly use ether to anesthetize a patient in Boston. His bold step eventually lead to the widespread use of ether for surgical anesthesia. Morton’s first successful public demonstration of ether as an inhalation anesthetic was such an historic and widely..

Share
read more →

Self-Service Gas Stations: Soon a Thing of the Past?

September 27, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives September 27, 1977 In a new study on US gas station trends, more and more stations have self-service pumps. Many believe that the new self service gas stations will never replace the traditional, full-service station. The report showed that since the gas crisis in 1973-1974, gone are the days when..

Share
read more →

Inhabitants Enter Biosphere 2

September 26, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives September 26. 1991 A group of scientists, four men and four women, began a two-year stay inside “Biosphere 2”, a sealed structure in Oracle, AZ. Biosphere 2 is a 3.14-acre structure originally built to be an artificial, materially-closed ecological system in Oracle, Arizona by Space Biosphere Ventures, a joint venture..

Share
read more →

Mars Climate Orbiter Crashes on Mars

September 23, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

  Technology that Shapes Our Lives September 23. 1999 After a more than 9 months, the Mars Climate Orbiter arrived at Mars on schedule, on September 23, 1999, in order to be inserted into Mars orbit. After Mars Orbit Insertion (MOI), the spacecraft was intended to become the first interplanetary weather satellite. Mars Climate Orbiter,..

Share
read more →

Birth of a Whole New – and High Level – Language

September 20, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives September 20, 1954 The first FORTRAN program is run at IBM. Fortran is a general-purpose, procedural, imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing. Originally developed by IBM for scientific and engineering applications, Fortran came to dominate this area of programming early on, and has..

Share
read more →

Jobs Back on the Job!

September 17, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives September 16. 1997 Co-founder of Apple, Steve Jobs, returns as CEO. In the late 1970s, Jobs, with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, Mike Markkula, and others, designed, developed, and marketed one of the first commercially successful lines of personal computers, the Apple II series. In the early 1980s, Jobs was among..

Share
read more →

QWERTY Is Born

September 12, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives September 12, 1874 The first practical typewriter was sold to customers. A typewriter, by definition, is a small machine, either electric or manual, with type keys that produced characters one at a time on a piece of paper inserted around a roller. Typewriters have been largely replaced by personal computers..

Share
read more →

First Baby Placed in Incubator

September 7, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives September 7, 1888 Edith Eleanor McLean, weighing 2 pounds, 7 ounces, was the first baby to be placed in an incubator – at State Emigrant Hospital on Ward’s Island, New York. Originally called a “hatching cradle,” the device was 3-ft square, 4-ft high. It was designed to increase the survival..

Share
read more →

First Circumnavigation of the Globe

September 6, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives September 6, 1522 One of Ferdinand Magellan’s five ships–the Vittoria–arrives at SanlÚcar de Barrameda in Spain, thus completing the first circumnavigation of the world. The Vittoria was commanded by Basque navigator Juan SebastiÁn de Elcano, who took charge of the vessel after the murder of Magellan in the Philippines in..

Share
read more →

Cash Available 24/7

September 2, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives September 2, 1969 America’s first automatic teller machine (ATM) makes its public debut, dispensing cash to customers at Chemical Bank in Rockville Center, New York – just six weeks after landing men on the moon. ATMs went on to revolutionize the banking industry, eliminating the need to visit a bank..

Share
read more →

Hewlett Packard: From Backyard Shed to Silicone Valley

August 18, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 18, 1947 Hewlett-Packard incorporates; 8 years after its founding. Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard met as engineering students at Stanford in the early ’30s and cemented their lifelong friendship during a post-graduation camping trip. Packard went off to take a job with General Electric, while Hewlett went on to postgraduate..

Share
read more →

Fantasmagorie: First Fully Animated Film

August 17, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 16, 1908 Fantasmagorie, a French animated film by Émile Cohl, consists of a stick figure moving about and encountering all manner of morphing objects. This makes Fantasmagorie the first animation on film created using what came to be known as traditional (hand-drawn) animation. The film was created by drawing each frame on paper and then..

Share
read more →

First Trans-Atlantic Telegraph Message

August 16, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 16, 1858 The first official telegraph message was sent across the Atlantic Ocean from London to the US. The transatlantic telegraph cable,  the first cable used for telegraph communications, laid across the floor of the Atlantic Ocean. It crossed from the Telegraph Field, Foilhommerum Bay, Valentia Island, in western..

Share
read more →

A Basic PC for $4000?!

August 12, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 12, 1981 IBM rolled out the first PC, model 5150. Of course they had other computers, but nothing that targeted the home market as the PC would. Each PC came with Microsofts’ CP/M Operating System. The 5150 contained a 4.7 MHz processor, 16k or RAM and 40 k of..

Share
read more →

Lunar Orbiters Take First Full Pictures of Earth

August 10, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 1966 and 1967 The first pictures of Earth as a whole were taken, beginning with Earth-rise over the lunar surface by Lunar Orbiter 1 in August, 1966. The first full picture of the whole Earth was taken by Lunar Orbiter 5 in August, 1967. The Lunar Orbiter program was a..

Share
read more →

First Commercially Manufactured Transistor Radio

August 9, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 1955 A small company named Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo, Ltd. introduced the TR-55, the first commercially manufactured transistor radio, under the new brand name, Sony. A transistor radio is a small portable radio receiver using transistor-based circuitry. Following their development in 1954 they became the most popular electronic communication device..

Share
read more →

Red Light, Green Light: First Traffic System Installed

August 5, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 5, 1914 The first modern traffic light system was installed on the corner of East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio. The American Traffic Signal Company installed a traffic signal system that had two colors, red and green, and a buzzer, based on the design of James..

Share
read more →