Meridian Crisis Resolved with Greenwich

October 13, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives October 13, 1884 Geographers and astronomers adopt Greenwich as the Prime Meridian, the international standard for zero degrees longitude. Prior to the adoption of a standard Prime Meridian, navigation at sea — and the charting of stars in the heavens — often remained a matter of local, national or even..

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57 Million Spam E-mails In One Day

August 22, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 22, 2007 The Storm botnet sends out a record 57 million e-mails in one day. The Storm botnet, or Storm worm botnet, is a remotely controlled network of “zombie” computers (or ‘botnet’) that has been linked by the Storm Worm, a Trojan horse spread through e-mail spam. The Storm..

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Panama Canal Opens

August 15, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 15, 1914 The Panama Canal, a 77-kilometre (48 mi) ship canal in Panama that joins the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, opens. One of the largest and most difficult engineering projects ever undertaken, the canal had an enormous impact on shipping between the two oceans, replacing the long..

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B-36 “PeaceMaker” Takes First Flight

August 8, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 8, 1946 The B-36 strategic bomber took its first flight. The B-36 bomber was built by Convair solely for the United States Air Force.  It was the largest mass-produced piston engine aircraft ever made. It had the longest wingspan of any combat aircraft ever built (230 ft or 70..

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Freedom of Speech on the Airways Preserved

August 4, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 4, 1987 The FCC abolished the Fairness Doctrine stating that because of the many media voices in the marketplace, the doctrine be deemed unconstitutional: “The intrusion by government into the content of programming occasioned by the enforcement of [the Fairness Doctrine] restricts the journalistic freedom of broadcasters … [and] actually..

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Nuclear Submarine Accomplishes First Undersea Voyage to the North Pole

August 3, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 3, 1958 On August 3, 1958, the U.S. nuclear submarine, Nautilus, accomplished the first undersea voyage to the geographic North Pole. The world’s first nuclear submarine, the Nautilus dived at Point Barrow, Alaska, and traveled nearly 1,000 miles under the Arctic ice cap to reach the top of the..

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First Music Videos Aired in the U.S.

August 1, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives August 1, 1981 The U.S. video channel MTV launched, airing “Video Killed the Radio Star” and beginning an era of 24-hour-a-day music on television. With this new outlet for material, the music video would grow to play a central role in popular music marketing. Many important acts of this period, most..

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NASA Is Born

July 29, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives July 29, 1958 U.S. President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, establishing NASA. NASA is an executive branch agency of the United States government, responsible for the nation’s civilian space program and aeronautics and aerospace research. NASA replaced its predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics..

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Creator of the First Internet Worm Indicted

July 27, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives July 1989 Robert Tappan Morris, a Cornell University computer science graduate student, was indicted for unleashing what became known as the Morris worm, the first computer worm on the internet. A computer worm is a self-replicating malware computer program that uses a computer network to send copies of itself to other nodes (computers on the..

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Satellite Telecommunications: Synchronicity At Its Finest

July 26, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives July 26, 1963 Syncom 2, the first geosynchronous communication satellite, is launched from Cape Canaveral to test practical applications and uses of space technology, such as weather and communications. The synchronization of rotation and orbital period of such a satellite means that for an observer on the surface of the Earth, the satellite appears to constantly..

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Birthday of Unheralded Co-Discoverer of DNA

July 25, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives July 25, 1920 Rosalind Elsie Franklin, a British biophysicist and X-ray crystallographer who made critical contributions to the understanding of the fine molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal and graphite, was born on July 25, 1920. Her DNA work achieved the most fame and controversy.  Franklin was responsible for much of the research and discovery..

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First Robot-Related Fatality

July 21, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives July 21, 1984 On July 21, 1984, Harry Allen, 34, a diecast operator with Diecast Corp. in Jackson, Michigan, was pinned between a factory pole and the back of an industrial robot. Allen died five days later as a result of his injuries and became the first – and so..

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Rosetta Stone Found

July 19, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives July 19, 1799 During Napoleon Bonaparte’s Egyptian campaign, a French soldier discovers a black basalt slab inscribed with ancient writing near the town of Rosetta, about 35 miles north of Alexandria. The irregularly shaped stone contained fragments of passages written in three different scripts: Greek, Egyptian hieroglyphics and Egyptian demotic…

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First East-West Crossing of the Atlantic

July 13, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives July 13, 1919 The R34 returned from the first East-West crossing of the Atlantic on July 13, 1919. First East-West Crossing The R34 left Britain on July 2, 1919 and arrived in Mineola, Long Island on July 6 with virtually no fuel left, after a flight of 108 hours. As the landing party..

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The Etch A Sketch Draws Immediate Attention

July 12, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology That Shapes Our Lives July 12, 1960 The Etch a Sketch goes on sale in plenty of time for the holiday rush. History The Etch A Sketch toy was invented in André Cassagnes’ basement in the late 1950s.  He called it “L’Ecran Magique“, the magic screen. In 1959, he took his drawing toy to the..

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The Precursor to the PDA is Born

July 11, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives July 11, 1990 On July 11, 1990, Bill Atkinson, the inventor of the HyperCard software, and Andy Hertzfeld, co-inventor of Apple Macintosh, left Apple Computers and, together with Marc Porat, started a new company called General Magic. General Magic’s main objective was to develop a new kind of handheld communications device..

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Customer Information Control System, CICS, Available for Mainframe

July 8, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives July 8, 1969 If you have ever used an ATM machine, engaged in on-line banking, or filed your taxes on-line, you have IBM and its Customer Information Control System, or CICS, to thank. On July 8, 1969, IBM made CICS generally available for the 360 mainframe computer.  CICS is a..

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The Best Thing Since Sliced Bread

July 7, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology That Shapes Our Lives July 7, 1928 On  July 7, 1928, the expression, ‘the best thing since sliced bread’, became a reality when the first loaf of sliced bread was sold by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri.  Their product, “Kleen Maid Sliced Bread”, proved a success. St. Louis baker, Gustav Papendick, set out..

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First Patent for X-Ray Tube

July 5, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology That Shapes Our Lives July 1933 William Coolidge obtained a patent for the X-Ray tube, more popularly called the Coolidge Tube.  This invention revolutionized the generation of X-rays and is the model upon which all X-ray tubes for medical applications are based. Medical X-rays X-rays are capable of penetrating some thickness of matter. Medical x-rays..

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Declaration of Independence: Forward Thinking

July 4, 2011 | posted in: Tech Chronicles | by

Technology that Shapes Our Lives July 4, 1776 The United States Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, were now independent states, and thus no longer a part of the British Empire. Written primarily by Thomas Jefferson, the Declaration is..

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